Sewing,  Sewing machine,  Sewing machine needles

Sewing Machine Needles

Needle Types

There are three main types of needles that are used for the majority of sewing, as well as many specialty needles.

  • Universal needles have a slightly rounded tip, and this general purpose needle should be used on woven fabric.
  • Jersey needles have a medium ballpoint tip designed especially for knit fabrics because it slips between the knit fibres and does not break or damage them while sewing.
  • Stretch needles, often confused with Jersey needles, are also a medium ballpoint tip, they have a special eye and scarf that are designed for very stretchy fabrics and elastic. Swimwear is an ideal a for this type of needle.


Needle Sizing

There are two needle sizing systems: American and European. American needle sizes range from 8 to 19, and European sizes range from 60 to 120. The larger the number, the larger the blade of the needle.  Both sizing numbers are on the needle package, such as 60/8 and 70/10.


Needle Lifespan

Needles are not  expensive, so feel free to change your needle with each new project. Sewing machine needles only have a lifespan of 6 to 8 hours of sewing time, but that can be even less if the fabric is particularly thick to sew. . It’s not worth the risk of damaging your project by using a dull needle.


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